Skin Grafting

Skin grafting – What it is?

Skin grafting is a treatment for reconstructing a defect in the continuity of healthy skin. In this treatment, skin from the donor site that is from other part of the body or a skin graft that is an artificial skin substitute is transplanted for reconstructing the defect in the skin, recipient site.

Why skin graft surgery is performed?

When large wounds consequential to significant damage to the deeper layers of the skin are allowed to heal at their own, this can trigger ugly looking scars and contractures that can also restrict movement. Skin flaps surgery minimized loss of fluid and scarring, reconstructs the defect skin and stimulates the process of healing, no matter what the cause of defect is. It is one of the best ways to prevent infection and progression of the wounds such as pressure sores, deep lacerations, burns, after removal of skin tumor, venous ulcers and diabetic ulcers. It is very important to ensure that color of the skin matches the donor site to the recipient site for minimizing the chances of a patchy appearance.

What are the different types of skin grafts?

Auto graft – In this type, graft is acquired from the some other body part that healthy and undamaged.

Allograft – It is acquired from a donor that is preserved, frozen and is available for use when required.

Xenograft – It is acquired from an animal, mostly a pig, are known as Xenograft. Xenograft and Allograft are used as temporary graft.

FTSG (Full Thickness Skin Graft) – This particular type of skin graft includes both layers of the skin that is dermis and epidermis. Most common body areas for using this type of skin graft are eyelids, tips of the nose, toes, forehead, inside of the nose, rim of the ear and fingers. Treatment of contractures/ burn deformities, hair transplantation, scar revision, hand deformities and body lift are the best examples of Full Thickness Skin Graft.

Partial Thickness or Split Thickness Skin Graft – This type of skin graft includes making use of the superficial layer that is the epidermis and a small part of the dermis.

Composite Skin Graft – This particular type of skin graft is made up of a combination of tissues that is either cartilage or fat and skin; or only fat and dermis.

Artificial Skin Graft – This kind of skin grafts comprises of an epidermis and collagen-based dermis of which fibers are arranged in a lattice. This particular collagen encourages formation of new tissues such as blood vessels, lymph vessels, fibroblasts and nerve fibers. The collagen lattice ultimately degrades as these structures and cells build a new dermis.

Pinch skin graft – Small places of skin are placed for covering the damaged skin on the donor site. This type of skin graft usually grows in areas resistant to infection and poor blood supply.

Pedicle Skin Graft – In this type of skin graft, the donor site would remain attached to the donor area and the remaining is attached to the recipient site. The supply of blood remains intact at the donor location and is not cut loose until the new supply of blood is completely developed. This procedure is used mainly for hands, neck areas or face. Pedicle skin grafts are also called Flap Skin Grafts.

When it comes to the skin grafting surgery cost in India, it depends on several factors. When you schedule an appointment with the cosmetic surgeon associated with us then you can be assured to get the most effective treatment for your problem.

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