Facial Fractures

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Facial Fractures

Facial fractures refer to broken bones that can occur anywhere on the face. This includes the area surrounding the eyes, lower and the upper jaw, cheekbones and nose.

Most of the times, facial fractures occur due to the trauma on the face, such as fights, falls, motor vehicle crashes or sporting injuries. In some cases, they occur because facial bones are weakened by some medical condition or a dental procedure.

The face is one of the most prominent and delicate parts of the human body and that might be the reason nature has made all the necessary arrangements to keep it secured from fractures and injuries. It is only in rare cases that a normal accident or injury leads to major facial fractures. However, travel activities and modern day lifestyle has increased the peril of major injuries. The cosmetic surgeons associated with COSMECTO perform tests and detailed investigation needed to assess the severity of the damage occurred to the face. It is made up of several complex structures with multiple and distinct and individual bones.

Traumatic injuries that occur on these bones might cause simple and multiple compound fractures. Given that are main veins to the brain pass through this part, the complications also increases multiple times. Expert cosmetic surgeons associated with COSMECTO would perform thorough analysis of a person and then plan the entire facial fractures surgery treatment. Facial fractures plastic surgery should be taken seriously because they can trigger major issues and complications, if not treated properly and carefully.

Symptoms of the facial fractures

As far as symptoms of facial fractures are concerned, they depend on which facial bones are broken. Bruising, swelling and pain are some of the most common symptoms of a broken bone.

Here is what you can expect in case of some types of facial fractures:

Broken nose, also known as nasal fracture

  • Swelling
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Nosebleeds
  • Pain
  • Bruising around the nose
  • Forehead fracture, also known as frontal bone

  • Pain around the sinuses
  • The forehead might appear inverted or pushed inward
  • Injuries to the eyes
  • Upper jaw / broken cheekbone, also known as zygomatic maxillary fracture

  • Pain with jaw movement
  • Altered sensation below the eye on the affected side
  • Flatness of the cheek
  • Problems with the eyesight
  • Eye socket fracture, also known as orbital fracture

    This type of fracture involves bones of the eye socket. It happens as a result of a blunt or sharp object such as a ball or a fist hits the eye.

  • Numbness in the upper teeth or lip, forehead, cheek or eyelids
  • A black eye
  • Swelling of the forehead or the cheek
  • Decreased or blurry vision
  • Bleeding or redness in the white of the eye
  • Broken jaw

  • Tenderness, swelling or bruising below the ear or along the jaw
  • Numbness in the chin or lower lip
  • Pain
  • Bruising under the tongue
  • Inability to bring the teeth together aptly
  • Loose or missing teeth
  • Midface, also known as maxillary fracture

    The primary symptom is deformity or swelling on the face

    When is the right time to seek medical intervention?

    The moment you suffer facial injury, consult the doctor without any delay. Some facial fractures are life threatening too. Others might trigger problems with your central nervous system, airway passages, and respiratory system, and in some cases, vision cannot be reversed.

    Diagnose of facial fractures

    The types of tests and physical examination conducted by the surgeon would depend on the type of injury you have. Initially, the surgeon examines the face for the signs of swelling, bruising and pain. He will also look for changes in mobility, whether or not you are able to moves some parts of your face. X-rays and other tests will be performed that will indicate the presence of facial fractures.

    The treatment for such fractures depends on the type of injury, intensity and whether you have any other problem at that point of time. The primary goal of the surgeons connected with COSMECTO is to place the bones back into their natural position. This is known as ‘reducing’ the fracture. You can drop us a query and we will help you choose the best surgeon for facial fractures treatment.