Breast surgery is one of the most sought-after cosmetic surgeries that women undergo. A typical modern woman is very much concerned about her public appearance. She wants to look just perfect as it boosts her confidence while interacting with people. Some women also face inconvenience due to very large breasts, which can be resolved through the surgical procedure.
There are in fact many types of breast surgeries available to women. These surgeries cover all the breast related issues faced by modern women. Here is an account of the major breast surgeries and the procedure and risks involved.
Breast augmentation is a surgical procedure that helps enhance the appearance, contour, and size of the breasts of a woman. Known also as augmentation mammoplasty, breast augmentation is an option for women for different reasons. Many such women feel that their breasts are too small. Others find out that they have lost the size of breasts after lactation. Then, some women want to fix the asymmetry of their breast size.
Mostly, the women who are lacking in self-confidence due to their small breasts undergo breast augmentation surgery. Such women find out that they cannot wear a swimsuit. They may also feel that their breast size has diminished considerably. They have lost fitness after giving birth to children. Also, due to fluctuations in weight, their breast size and shape has altered. In some women, one breast becomes markedly smaller than the other. These conditions compel many women to take up the option of undergoing breast augmentation surgery.
Breast augmentation surgery procedure requires the surgeon to insert implants underneath of the breasts. The implants can be placed under or over the pectoralis chest muscle. The surgeon makes an incision in the axilla [armpit], lower breast or areola. Thus, breast augmentation is a simple and straightforward procedure. The women can pick a correct size of the implants as per her required size of the breasts. Mostly, saline filled implants are used. But on certain conditions, silicone gel-filled implants are available to the women.
There are some risks involved in otherwise straightforward breast augmentation. Women should be aware of these risks and uncertainty so that they can review the conditions beforehand.
Some women may require additional surgeries. Women may experience breast pain. A scar tissue can form around the implant and it can squeeze the implant.
The women can also experience some breast sensation. They can also see some changes in nipple sensation.
The saline-filled implants may deflate causing rupture. Sometimes this rupture can be silent.
There are many other smaller risks and local complications. In fact, one percent of the women face these risks after the surgery. So, it is important that you discuss the surgical procedure with your surgeon. Know about the non-surgical treatments available. Find out also about the additional surgeries to treat the symptoms.
Some women have trouble carrying excess weight of their larger breasts. They are uncomfortable also because of back pain, neck pain, numbness or weakness, skin irritation, bra strap indentations caused by heavy and pendulous breasts. To cure this, the surgeon usually goes for breast reduction surgery that is also known as reduction mammoplasty. The surgeon removes excess skin, glandular tissue, and fat from the breast area to reduce its size.
The patient will be put under general anesthesia or intravenous sedation. Then, the surgeon makes an incision. The incision options include making a circular pattern around the areola or a keyhole pattern with an incision around the areola. The surgeon can also choose to make an inverted T shaped incision or anchor-shaped incision.
After the incision, the surgeon then repositions the nipple. If required, the skin at the perimeter is excised to reduce the areola. The underlying breast tissue is lifted, shaped and reduced. If the breasts are extremely large, the surgeon may remove the nipple and areola and transplant them to a higher position on the breast. This is called free nipple graft.
This type of surgery has its own risks. Scarring is one of the common and extensive risks. But other risks also are of some concerns. These risks include infection, changes in nipple and breast sensation, anesthesia risks, blood clots, bleeding, breast shape and contour irregularities, fluid accumulation, and skin discoloration. Pain and lumpiness are possible side effects of the surgery.
However, because of the experience of the surgeon, chances of these risks are fewer. So, no need to worry about the risks of the surgery as the surgeon and the hospitals are well equipped to handle any complications.
Breast reconstruction is the cosmetic surgery to recreate a breast. A woman can get the desired contour, volume, and appearance of breasts through this surgery. She can also have her nipple-areola component recreated by the surgeon.
The surgeon can use implants or own tissue of the woman for the recreation of breasts. If an implant is an option, the size of the implant must match with the opposite breast. In some cases, the surgeon can use a segment of the lower abdominal wall to recreate a breast when using the tissues. But the surgeon can also use the back muscles and skin of women or a segment of a buttock.
The surgeon uses flap technique to reposition a woman’s own tissue to cover or create a breast mound. Then, the surgeon will go for tissue expansion that stretches the healthy skin in order to provide coverage for a breast implant. Next, as a result of the surgical placement of a breast implant, it creates a breast mound. The surgeon will then reconstruct a nipple and areola using breast revision techniques.
The possible risks of breast reconstructions are many but they can be checked by efficient surgeons. These risks include infection, bleeding, anesthesia risks, poor healing of incisions, loss of sensation at the reconstruction site and donor site. The use of implants can also result in breast firmness. The implant can rupture.
Some women have sagging breast as their skin is not strong enough to support the increasing weight of the breasts. In such cases, there is a plenty of skin as compared to the breast tissue. This condition is called ptosis. To lift such a breast, the surgeon performs a breast lift surgery, known as mastopexy, to remove the excessive skin.
The patient is administered intravenous or general anesthesia. Then, some incision patterns are chosen by the surgeon. The incisions may be around the areola, around the areola and vertically down to the breast crease or horizontally along the breast crease.
The surgeon will then lift the underlying the breast tissue to reshape it for improving the breast contour. This will give firmness to the breast. The areola and nipple areas are repositioned. Excessive breast skin is removed to bring some elasticity to the breast.
As the last step, the surgeon will tighten the remaining skin by closing the incisions. While most of the incision linings are concealed by skillful surgeons, some may be visible on the surface of the breast. Over time, these incision lines will fade away.
Like any other surgery, breast lift also has some possibility of risks. These include anesthesia risks, infection, bleeding or hematoma formation, breast shape irregularities, breast asymmetry, fluid accumulation, and poor healing of incision etc.
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